Máirtín Ó Cadhain was born in Cois Fharraige in the Connamara Gaeltacht in 1906. He is best known for his major novel, Cré na Cille (Dublin, Sáirséal agus Dill, 1949). It has been translated into English as Graveyard Clay, and into many other languages, including Danish and Norwegian. However it is not yet published in English. His short story collections include Idir Shúgradh agus Dáiríre, 1939, and An Braon Broghach, 1948, from which Eoghan Ó Tuairisc translated stories published under the title Road to Bright City (Dublin, Poolbeg Press, 1981); An tSraith ar Lár, (1967); and An tSraith Dhá Thógáil (1970). A national school teacher in his early life, he was interned for his activities in the IRA during World War II.
He became a lecturer in Irish in Trinity College Dublin in 1956, and became Professor of Irish there in 1969. He died in 1970.
In May 2007, 'Cré na Cille', the Irish language full-length feature film of Máirtín Ó Cadhain's celebrated novel, was shortlisted for the Shanghai International Film Festival.
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